Heavenly Bamboo, Nandina domestica ….Nam Thiên Trúc….#15

Heavenly Bamboo, Nandina domestica ….Nam Thiên Trúc….#15
4th of july decorations
Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Taken on March 3, 2013 in Waco city, Texas state, southern of The United States of America .

Vietnamese named : Nam Thiên Trúc
Common names : Nandina , Heavenly Bamboo, Sacred Bamboo
Scientist name : Nandina domestica Thunb.
Synonyms :
Family : Berberidaceae – Barberry family
Group : Dicot
Duration : Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Kingdom : Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision : Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class : Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass : Magnoliidae
Order : Ranunculales
Genus : Nandina Thunb. – nandina
Species : Nandina domestica Thunb. – sacred bamboo

**** vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nam_thi%C3%AAn_tr%C3%BAc
Nandina domestica (nam thiên trúc), là một loài cây bụi có thân dạng rễ mút, thuộc họ Hoàng mộc (Berberidaceae); và nó thuộc về chi độc (một) loài có danh pháp Nandina. Nó có nguồn gốc ở miền đông châu Á, từ khu vực Himalaya kéo dài về phía đông tới Nhật Bản. Mặc dù tên gọi có từ trúc, nhưng nó không có quan hệ họ hàng gì với tre, trúc.
Nó là một loại cây bụi mọc thẳng, cao tới 2 m, với hàng loạt các thân, thường không tạo nhánh, mọc lên từ rễ. Lá thường xanh (đôi khi là sớm rụng trong các khu vực lạnh hơn), dài 50-100 cm, là loại lá lông chim phức đôi hay ba, với các lá chét dài khoảng 4-11 cm và rộng 1,5-3 cm. Các lá non về mùa xuân có màu hồng nhạt hay đỏ trước khi chuyển thành màu xanh lục; các lá già chuyển màu thành đỏ hay tía trước khi rụng. Hoa màu trắng, mọc vào đầu mùa hè thành cụm hình nón cao trên tán lá. Quả là loại quả mọng màu đỏ tươi, đường kính 5-10 mm, chín vào cuối mùa thu và thường là tồn tại suốt cả mùa đông.

Nuôi trồng
Nó được trồng khá rộng rãi trong vườn dưới vai trò của một loại cây cảnh; trên 60 giống đã được đặt tên tại Nhật Bản, là khu vực mà loài này rất phổ biến. Nó đã được đưa vào Bắc Mỹ và đã thích nghi với môi trường sinh sống mới tại khu vực miền đông

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**** plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=NADO
**** www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/gardens-gardening/your-ga…

**** davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1547/#b

**** www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Nandina+domestica
Nandina domestica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 2 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jun to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit; Leaves.
Edible Uses:
Fruit[2]. No further details are given, but another report says that the fruit is poisonous[147]. The fruit is about 10mm in diameter[200]. Young leaves – boiled[177]. The water must be changed at least once during the cooking[105].

Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antirheumatic; Antitussive; Astringent; Febrifuge; Stomachic; Tonic.

The roots and stems are antitussive, astringent, febrifuge, stomachic and tonic[147, 174]. A decoction is used in the treatment of fever in influenza, acute bronchitis, whooping cough, indigestion, acute gastro-enteritis, tooth abscess, pain in the bones and muscles and traumatic injuries[147]. It is especially useful in the treatment of children’s coughs[174]. There is a danger that an overdose can cause respiratory paralysis[174]. A decoction of the leaves is tonic[218]. The fruit is febrifuge and tonic[218]. Another report says that it is toxic, so great care should be employed if using it[147]. The root is antirheumatic[218]. Young shoots contain high concentrations of laetrile – up to 20% on a zero moisture basis[218].
Other Uses
Hedge; Hedge.

Plants are used for hedging in warm temperate zones[200].
Cultivation details
Requires a deep rich moist soil in a sheltered sunny position[11, 200]. Prefers a cool but sunny position[200]. A very ornamental plant, it only successful outdoors in Britain in favoured localities[1]. Grows well in Cornwall[59]. Tender when young[11], the shoot tips of mature plants can be damaged by hard frosts[200]. A number of named forms have been developed for their ornamental value[182]. Untidy old stems on established plants can be pruned to the base in spring[188]. Cultivated for its fruit in China and Japan[2] ( does this refer to medicinal usage?). It does not fruit freely in Britain[11]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

Propagation
Seed – best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[113]. Stored seed should be sown as early in the year as possible in a greenhouse. Germination is often poor[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10 – 15cm long, July/August in a frame[78]. Pot up in the autumn and overwinter in a cold frame. Plant out in late spring. High percentage[78] but very slow[11]. Cuttings of mature wood, 10 – 15cm with a heel, November in a frame[78]. Plant out the following autumn[78, 200]. High percentage[78] but very slow[11].

**** en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nandina

Description

Nandina domestica ( /nænˈdiːnə dəˈmɛstɨkə/ nan-dee-nuh)[1][2][3] commonly known as nandina, heavenly bamboo or sacred bamboo, is a suckering shrub in the Barberry family, Berberidaceae. It is a monotypic genus, with this species as its only member. It is native to eastern Asia from the Himalaya east to Japan.
Despite the common name, it is not a bamboo at all. It is an erect shrub growing to 2 m tall (7′-8′ in the Pacific Northwest), with numerous, usually unbranched stems growing from the roots. The glossy leaves are evergreen (sometimes deciduous in colder areas), 50–100 cm long, bi- to tri-pinnately compound, with the individual leaflets 4–11 cm long and 1.5–3 cm broad. The young leaves in spring are brightly coloured pink to red before turning green; old leaves turn red or purple again before falling. The flowers are white, borne in early summer in conical clusters held well above the foliage. The fruit is a bright red berry 5–10 mm diameter, ripening in late autumn and often persisting through the winter.

Toxicity

All parts of the plant are poisonous, containing hydrocyanic acid, and could potentially be fatal if ingested. The plant is placed in Toxicity Category 4, the category "generally considered non-toxic to humans,"[4] however, the berries are considered toxic to cats and grazing animals. [5] The berries also contain alkaloids such as nantenine, which is used in scientific research as an antidote to MDMA. Birds are not affected by these toxins and will disperse the seeds through their droppings.

Status as an invasive species

Nandina is considered invasive in North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, and Florida.[8] It has been placed on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council’s invasive list as a Category I species, the highest listing. It’s been observed in the wild throughout Florida in Gadsden, Leon, Jackson, Alachua, and Citrus counties, in conservation areas, woodlands, and floodplains. In general, the purchase or continued cultivation of these plants in locations with similar climates to the Southeastern US is highly discouraged, unless they are a legally established non-fertile variety.

Garden history and cultivation

N. domestica, grown in Chinese and Japanese gardens for centuries, was brought to Western gardens by William Kerr, who sent it to London in his first consignment from Canton, in 1804.[10] The English, unsure of its hardiness, kept it in greenhouses at first. The scientific name given it by Carl Peter Thunberg is a Latinized version of a Japanese name for the plant, nan-ten.[11] Nandina is widely grown in gardens as an ornamental plant; over 65 cultivars have been named in Japan, where the species is particularly popular and a national Nandina society exists. In Shanghai berried sprays of Nandina are sold in the streets at the New Year, for the decoration of house altars and temples.[11]
Nandina does not berry profusely in Great Britain, but it can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 4–10. Nandina can take heat and cold, from 110 °F/43 °C to 10 °F/-12 °C. A true low-care plant, nandina needs no pruning ever, unless it is to harvest some leaves for use in a flower arrangement or berries for a holiday centerpiece. The berries can also be left on the plants for birds to harvest in late winter. Spent berry stalks can easily be snapped off by hand in spring. Due to the naturally occurring phytochemicals (see above) this plant is commonly used in rabbit, deer, and javelina resistant landscape plantings.

**** www.floridata.com/ref/n/nand_dom.cfm
Click on link to read full information , please

WARNING
Nandina is listed as a Class I invasive species by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council which means that it is "actively disrupting plant communities". Before planting this (or any non-native plant) check locally to make sure that it is not an invasive pest in your area.

**** www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/gardens-gardening/your-ga…

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